Ukrainian cities got 84 secondhand trams from Europe in 2018
A total of 114 tram units were delivered to Ukrainian cities in 2018. 84 of these vehicles are secondhand rolling stock from European countries, still in good condition. The capitals of Germnay and Latvia proved to be the largest contributors of used trams.
These figures were reported by the Ukrainian community of public transport fans AllTransUA. According to its research, eight Ukrainian cities have received secondhand tram fleets last year. The largest number of used vehicles originated from Berlin. The German 30 Tatra KT4D units were deployed to Lviv, while another twelve units reached Zaporizhia. Also, Mariupol received 19 Tatra T3 trams from Riga, the capital of Latvia. Other secondhand units were delivered by Czechia (Prague, Olomouc) and Slovakia (Bratislava, Košice) to Kharkiv, Kyiv, Odesa and Druzhkivka.
Ukrainian cities purchased secondhand units due to lack of investment in tram rolling stock and in order to replace old vehicles in bad condition. Thus, Lviv acquired thirty used trams at the same price of a brand new one. Meanwhile, some cities also purchased new low-floor trams.
Last year, the public transport operator of the capital Kyivpastrans received twelve new units, according to the deal concluded with Polish manufacturer Pesa in 2017. Today, Kyivpastrans has 47 trams produced by Pesa. All of them run on the light rail routes of Kyiv. Kyivpastrans also received five Electron T5B64 trams manufactured by Elektrotrans, a Lviv-based Ukrainian-German joint venture, and one К1М6 unit, produced by the Ukrainian company Tatra-Yug. Moreover, Vinnytsia transport company assembled one VinWay three-car tram of two old Tatra KT4 cars on its own facilities.
Ukraine’s tramway systems
Currently, eighteen Ukrainian cities operate the tramway systems, four of them located on temporarily occupied and uncontrolled territories (Donetsk, Horlivka, Yenakiieve and Yevpatoria). From 2014-2017, four cities in Donbas region (Avdiivka, Kostiantynivka, Kramatorsk, Luhansk) witnessed line closures due to the consequences of military actions.