Over half of new railway cars lack ETCS: ‘no business case’
54 per cent of new vehicles put into operation between 2015 and 2019 were done so without ERTMS onboard units being equipped. This is in contrast with the ambition of the EU to gradually implement ERTMS on the core network of the EU. By 2030, it wants to see 97 per cent of this network equipped with the traffic control system.
Rail vehicles will need to adapt to this strategy of the EU, but this is not something that comes naturally. In order to equip a locomotive with the technology that pairs with the new safety system, massive investments needs to be made, and these investments are a major hurdle on the way to full implementation.
The European Railway Traffic Management System (ERTMS), is the European standard for the Automatic Train Protection (ATP) and command and control systems. It creates a digital, interoperable railway system in Europe that should result in increased efficiency and safety. Next to trackside installations, to use the signalling, vehicles need to be equipped with the European Train Control System (ETCS), which communicates between the train and trackside via GSM-R. The rollout of ETCS on vehicles has been lagging behind for some time, however.
No business case
“For rail freight undertakings, there is little, if any, financial or operational benefit which comes from the deployment of onboard ERTMS systems (ETCS), and most benefits are with the infrastructure manager through the ability to better manage capacity”, explains the European Rail Freight Association (ERFA) in a recently published position paper. “Rail freight undertakings may eventually be able to benefit from more capacity, but this is a long-term gain, and is difficult to build a business case around”.
With this position paper, it is hoping to influence the trialogue negotiations about the European TEN-T network between the European Commission, European Parliament and European Council. During these meetings, the revision of the TEN-T regulation is discussed and the ERTMS rollout is an important topic.
‘Synchronise track and train’
“It is likely that without a change of strategy to ERTMS implementation, onboard deployment will continue to lag behind”, ERFA writes. “There is a need to accept that the current ERTMS deployment strategy, both onboard and trackside, is not proceeding as planned. A new approach is required which ensures a synchronized strategy towards trackside and onboard ERTMS deployment.”
What the association suggests is a synchronised and harmonised ERTMS deployment of trackside and onboard units, much in line with the position of the European Parliament. In this manner, the rollout of ERTMS on the infrastructure will go hand-in-hand with the rollout in rolling stock. “It is essential that onboard units are viewed as part of a broader infrastructure discussion”, it notes.
In addition, appropriate financing to railway undertaking is needed to ensure that deployment of onboard units is feasible for the rail freight industry, ERFA adds. “There remains a strong rationale for EU, national and regional-level support to remove the “system” deployment bottleneck of equipping fleets”, the European Commission agrees.
“It is vital to provide enhanced assistance for the renewal of fleets or support for the retrofitting and upgrading of onboard units to deliver overall system benefits. From an EU perspective, this is particularly the case for international and freight operators, who tend to be least well-served by national schemes for retrofitting”, it writes on its website. “There is a positive business case for ERTMS on all core network corridors. ERTMS generates a positive internal rate of return from an overall railway system perspective on each of the Core Corridors and for Europe as whole”.
However, it acknowledges that coordinated deployment and dual onboard strategy are vital to achieve those results. “ERTMS deployment requires the coordination of all stakeholders across and within Member States (onboard and trackside deployment together; infrastructure completed etc.). Without coordination, benefits disappear.”
Want to hear the latest on ERTMS developments? Join the RailTech Belgium morning conference on 7 June with presentations from Infrabel, a European frontrunner in on-track installations, the Signalling Company which developed an on-board retrofit solution, the ERTMS user group about the status of ERTMS rollout in Europe, the challenges railway rolling stock owners face by AERRL and more. Themed ‘Belgian rail in 2040’, ERTMS as a key driver of efficiency in rail is one of the main topics.