Electrification of cross-border tracks urgent for Germany
In order to make railways greener and the environment cleaner, Germany should strengthen its focus on the electrification of its railway network. A special attention should be given to five cross-border tracks that run to Poland, Czechia and Austria. Such opinion has been expressed by Allianz pro Schiene and Deutsche Umwelthilfe in their joint call to the Federal Government of Germany.
Allianz pro Schiene, a German association that promotes safe and environmentally friendly rail transport, together with Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH), an organisation that preserves biological diversity and protects natural assets, have proposed to the German government to accelerate the electrification of the country’s railways by making a strong focus on the cross-border tracks to the eastern neighbours: Poland, Czechia and Austria. To this end, two mentioned associations have also identified five high-priority cross-border tracks for urgent electrification:
- the Passow – Tantow – Szczecin line that will facilitate connection Berlin with the Polish city of Szczecin (the Berlin – Passow section is electrified);
- the Dresden – Görlitz – Zgorzelec line that will improve train connections between Dresden and the Polish city of Wrocław (the Zgorzelec – Wrocław section is electrified);
- the Marktredwitz – Schrinding – Cheb line that will intensify train traffic from Nuremberg to Karlovy Vary and further to Prague;
- the Hartmannshof – Furth im Wald – Česká Kubice – Plzeň for better services from Nuremberg to Plzeň and further to Prague;
- the Markt Schwaben – Mühldorf am Inn – Simbach am Inn – Braunau am Inn – Neumarkt-Kallham line that will facilitate train traffic between Linz and Munich.
Both associations highlighted two advantages from the electrification of the cross-border tracks, especially the mentioned five ones. On the one hand, the rail sector will be able to reduce its CO2 emissions by replacing the diesel trains and locomotives with the electric-powered rolling stock. Railways, on the other hand, will increase its competitiveness compared to road transport as the electric-powered operations are cheaper and faster than those provided by the diesel locomotives. “We are calling on the federal government to put more efforts into electrification,” emphasized Jürgen Resch, DUH Executive Director.
Non-electrified border crossings
“The large number of non-electrified border crossings slow down the railways and thus modal shift and climate protection in Europe. There is enormous potential here for climate protection in traffic,” said Dirk Flege, Executive Director of Allianz pro Schiene. Currently, Germany has 57 railway border crossings with neighbouring countries. Only 27 of them or 47 per cent of the total number are electrified.
Most of the non-electrified railway crossings are situated on the German-Czech and German-Polish border: 8 and 13 respectively. The remaining number of non-electrified railway border crossings is broken down as follows: 2 to Austria, 3 to France, 3 to the Netherlands and 1 to Denmark. It is worth to note that all the railway border crossings to three neighbouring countries such as Switzerland, Luxembourg and Belgium are electrified.
Plans for electrification
A share of the electrified railways in Germany has been increasing slowly in the past 15 years – from 57 per cent in 2005 to 61 per cent in 2019. This means that around 70 kilometres of tracks have been electrifying annually. The government parties set the goal in the coalition agreement to increase the share of the electrified routes in the country to 70 per cent by 2025. In order to achieve this goal, around 500 kilometres of tracks, according to Allianz pro Schiene, should be equipped with catenaries. It is worth to remind that a route length of the German railway network is around 38,500 kilometres. Of there, 33,500 kilometres are operated by DB Netz AG on the behalf of Deutsche Bahn.