Germany’s 9 euro ticket did not take (enough) cars off the road

Image: Deutsche Bahn AG / Max Lautenschläger

Germany’s much-lauded 9 euro ticket, which enables people to make unlimited use of public transport, has mostly resulted in additional journeys. It has not, as was hoped, resulted in people leaving their car at home, preliminary findings show.

Since the introduction of the 9 euro ticket in June, attention has been mostly focussed on ticket sales and passenger numbers. And by those metrics, the ticket certainly got off to a flying start. And while data did show a major increase in the number travellers on regional railway lines, preliminary research also shows that people have not shifted to rail from the road. It means that the 9 euro ticket might not have the desired climate impact.

A full evaluation of all the relevant data has yet to be concluded but the preliminary findings are in line with previous studies on the modal shift, rail expert Christian Böttger at the Berlin University of Applied Sciences (HTW) was quoted as saying by German press agency DPA. “Based on previous studies, only a slight shift from the road to public transport of at best two to three percent can be seen.”

A recent survey by German transport association VDV in the area around Munich seems to confirm that picture, as only three percent participants said they had left their car favour of public transport. While there was no major shift to rail, metro, tram or bus in Munich, there was, however, a “dampening effect” on traffic in the city. In June, traffic fell by around 3 percent, according to traffic data specialist TomTom. Indeed, this was the case in several major German cities after the introduction of the 9 euro ticket, DPA reports.

Several researchers have indicated that the public transport network’s capacity is key its success, but therein lies the problem. Immediately after the introduction of the 9 euro ticket in June, reports came out of overcrowded trains and platforms, partly due to the number of people taking their bicycles. Deutsche Bahn quickly had to rescind that offer.

This article was first published by Dutch sister publication OVPro

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Author: Sander van Vliet

3 comments op “Germany’s 9 euro ticket did not take (enough) cars off the road”

bönström bönström|09.08.22|19:44

Quality matters!
(Any one planning a trip, knows, if quality matters, then price is irrelevant, etc.)
For majority among ware owners (now with “On Demand” as the strategy) the road trucks is single available alternative, etc., etc.
Even worse, for IM:s low price, has turned high costs, as now infrastructure, is calling for frequent repairing and accordingly at clients added risks.
For high capacity – for utilisation of vast existing railway infrastructure, for high quality – a shift is needed!

P Michael Øllgaard|10.08.22|14:58

Commutters want easy door-to-door transport solutions. That means a tight and fast network allowing travel with few shifts, free wifi and sufficient sitting places for working is needed. Secure sufficient bicyclespace for easy connection home-bus/tram/trainstop-workingplace.

The 9-EURO ticket is great for holiday and for people, who else pays a fortune commuting.

Cheaper public transport could get more young people to buy a car later and get children and youth to get used to public transport.

Søren Sørensen|12.08.22|11:43

On reductions of road traffic at 3%. Everything counts. As modal split between private car and public transport is around 80:20 a 3% reduction in car traffic would mean a 12% increase in public transport assuming same travel needs and single car occupancy. If more people are in the same car and they all turn to public transport it would mean even more seats occupied in the public transport.

There is no quick fix. You have to match the car on ease of use and frequency of departures.

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